Thomas mann essay schopenhauer

As I can make out better the shapes, I realize I have seen this before. There is deep silence. I can only hear the very faint stirring of the water as the boat slides over it.

Thomas mann essay schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer Certainly one of the greatest philosophers of the 19th century, Schopenhauer seems to have had more impact on literature e. Thomas Mann and on people in general than on academic philosophy.

Perhaps that is because, first, he wrote very well, simply and intelligibly unusual, we might say, for a German philosopher, and unusual now for any philosophersecond, he was the first Western philosopher to have access to translations of philosophical material from Indiaboth Vedic and Buddhistby which he was profoundly affected, to the great interest of many except most academic philosophersand, third, his concerns were with the dilemmas and tragedies, in a religious or existential sense, of real life, not just with abstract philosophical problems.

He was the first to speak of the suffering of the world, which visibly and glaringly surrounds us, and of confusion, passion, evil -- all those things which the [other philosophers] hardly seemed to notice and always tried to resolve into all-embracing harmony and comprehensiblility.

Here at last was a philosopher who had the courage to see that all was not for the best in the fundaments of the universe. Thus, those inclined to dismiss Schopenhauer as exaggerating or irrationally disillusioned with life, might take his "optimist's tour": If we were to conduct the most hardened and callous optimist through hospitals, infirmaries, operating theatres, through prisons, torture-chambers, and slave-hovels, over battlefields and to places of execution; if we were to open to him all the dark abodes of misery, where it shuns the gaze of cold curiosity, and finally were to allow him to glance into the dungeon of Ugolino where prisoners starved to death, he too would certainly see in the end what kind of a world is this meilleur des mondes possibles.

Payne translation,Dover,p.

Existentialist Society, Melbourne, Australia

The "dungeon of Ugolino" is where Count Ugolino della Gherardesca d. The "dungeon" was actually in a tower, the Muda, that belonged to the the Ghibelline Gualandi family. Ugolino himself was Ghibelline in origin but, after the marriage of his sister to a Visconticame to incline towards the Guelphs.

The meilleur des mondes possibles, "the best of possible worlds," is, of course, a reference to Leibniz.

Arthur Schopenhauer | German philosopher |

I couldn't say why Schopenhauer quoted that it in French, unless he was thinking of Voltaire, and his parody Candidemore than Leibniz himself. I otherwise was only aware that Leibniz had published in Latin and German.

Schopenhauer's tour for the optimist could now be much extended.

Thomas mann essay schopenhauer

He knew of the slaughter at Waterloo, but not of Shiloh or Antietam, let alone the Somme or Verdun -- and we wonder if he ever saw anything of Goya's "Disasters of War" Los Desastres de la Guerradespite their being done in his time The battlefields in World War I, where nothing green grew and human flesh and body parts were blended with the mud, was an experience and, doubtlessly, a smell that, surprisingly, drove no more than a few soldiers insane.

In World War II, of course, what the Germans did in their concentration and extermination camps set a standard for cruelty, inhumanity, horror, and evil that has actually been matched with some regularity in subsequent history, for instance in Cambodia or Rwanda.

In our own day, Islamic terrorists are advancing the nightmare in their own unique ways, proudly selling kidnapped girls and women into sex slavery and beheading or immolating hostages on videos subsequently distributed for the edification of the faithful.

Their shamelessness defeats even the Nazis, who concealed and attempted to erase evidence of the worst of their crimes. Adolf Hitler never boasted of Auschwitz. It is rare for philosophers to notice these events, unless their religious or Existential significance is of concern, or the writers have some particular political axe to grind.

Even philosophers upon whom Schopenhauer did have a strong effect, like Nietzsche and even Wittgensteinnevertheless could not put him to good use since they did not accept his moral, aesthetic, and religious realism -- and either didn't notice or didn't care about the horrors emphasized by Schopenhauer which is curious with Wittgenstein, since he was actually a soldier in World War I -- we never hear any reflections on this experience -- and who lived to learn, safe in England, of what the Germans had been doing during World War II.

Schopenhauer is all but unique in intellectual history for being both an atheist and sympathetic to Christianity. Schopenhauer's system will not make any sense except in the context of Kant's metaphysics.

For the purposes of the Proceedings of the Friesian SchoolSchopenhauer may be said to have made three great contributions to the Kantian tradition, which supplement the contemporary contributions of Fries: He retained Kant's notion of the thing-in-itself but recognized that it could not exist as a separate order of "real" objects over and above the phenomenal objects of experience.

Hence Schopenhauer's careful use of the singular rather than the plural when referring to the "thing-in-itself.Thomas Mann: Thomas Mann, German novelist and essayist whose early novels—Buddenbrooks (), Der Tod in Venedig (; Death in Venice), and Der Zauberberg (; The Magic Mountain)—earned him the Nobel Prize in Literature in Learn more about Mann’s life and works in .

Schopenhauer shared the view of Thomas Hobbes on the necessity of the state, Other figures in literature who were strongly influenced by Schopenhauer were Thomas Mann, Afanasy Fet, J.-K.

Huysmans and George Santayana. dedicating to him his essay Schopenhauer als Erzieher. Monthly Lectures — Visitors Welcome.

Academic Tools

For those who question whether life has a meaning and a purpose. For those who despairingly ponder whether one can live without self-deception or without hedonistic escapism; yet who, despite the anguish of life's futility and meaninglessness, still seek purpose and an authentic existence.

Thomas Manns Schopenhauer-Essay. Arthur Hübscher. Schopenhauer Jahrbuch () Abstract This article has no associated abstract. (fix it) Keywords No keywords specified (fix it) Categories Arthur Schopenhauer in 19th Century Philosophy Schopenhauer Und Thomas Mann.

Christopher Bollyn is a well-travelled writer and an investigative journalist who has done extensive research into the events of September 11, , the conflict in Middle-East and the health effects caused by exposure to depleted uranium.

Arthur Schopenhauer Criticism - Essay. Homework Help Thomas Mann (essay date ) [In the following essay, Gottfried examines Schopenhauer 's philosophy of history. Sitemap