Statistics is so unique because it can go from health outcomes research to marketing analysis to the longevity of a light bulb. Besa Smith Analydata Statistical Computing Traditional methods for statistical analysis — from sampling data to interpreting results — have been used by scientists for thousands of years.
In content analysis, media and popular culture portrayals of crime issues are the primary sources of data. These portrayals include a range of sources, such as newspapers, movies, television programs, advertisements, comic books, novels, video games, and Internet content.
Depending on their research questions, researchers draw samples from their selected sources, usually with additional selection boundaries, such as timeframe, genre, and topic e. There are two primary approaches to conducting content analysis. In quantitative forms of content analysis, researchers code and count the occurrence of elements designated by the researcher prior to the study e.
In qualitative forms of content analysis, the researchers focus on the narrative, using an open-ended protocol to record information.
The approaches are complementary, as each reveals unique yet overlapping concepts crucial to understanding how the media and popular culture produce and reproduce ideas about crime. In the study of crime in the media, research ranges from studies that count or otherwise quantify texts for the purpose of statistical analysis to studies that explore presentation and representation of crime-related issues.
Even in those quantitatively oriented studies, results are given qualitative consideration. Increasingly, in the criminological study of media and popular culture, content analysis is typically viewed as a qualitative methodology.
Content analysis is more than watching TV or movies, or reading newspapers or comics, and then reporting what is presented in the medium. How the story is told and how characters are portrayed are often more telling than are specific plot points. Content analysis requires systematically watching or reading with an analytical and critical eye, going beyond what is presented and looking for deeper meanings and messages to which media consumers are exposed.
The media captures and frames the broader cultural story about criminal justice. The primary purpose of content analysis in the study of crime and justice has evolved from identifying the prevalence of the topic or terms under study into revealing the cultural frames.
The results from content analysis, then, offer evidence that allows for a more critical appraisal of how crime and justice are socially constructed.
Indeed, one of the earliest studies to employ the method, the Payne Fund Studies, coded for violence and other content in films in the s.
This project has influenced media research since the s, including the National Television Violence Study of the later s Smith et al.
As research has progressed, however, scholars called for greater attention to the context in which the content is presented, arguing that an act or an incident could not be fully understood without referring to the circumstances of its presentation in media or the broader socio-cultural context.
Such work, coupled with expanding opportunities for consumers to encounter crime-related content across a variety of media sources, also stimulated analyses that placed more emphasis on the latent content itself.
That is, some research looks beyond the action to the less obvious, but still critical, message and meaning being produced and reproduced in the media and popular culture.
The advent of academic journals such as Crime, Media, CultureJournal of Criminal Justice and Popular Cultureand the recent Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice and Criminology also speak to the emergence of content analysis and other qualitative techniques in the study of crime and social control.
Sampling the Media Universe For those studying crime issues presented in media and popular culture, there is a wide array of text-based sources, including novels, textbooks, newspapers, magazines, and comic books and graphic novels.
There is also a wide array of audio-visual sources, including movies, television, and video games, each with a myriad of genres and formats. Music, in lyrics, video, and performance, is yet another source.Jun 03, · When it comes to crime prevention, figuring out what works can take a lot of detective work.
|Violent crime in the U.S. - statistics & facts | Statista||Library's Strategic Planning Blog Analyzing and Interpreting Information Analyzing quantitative and qualitative data is often the topic of advanced research and evaluation methods courses. However, there are certain basics which can help to make sense of reams of data.|
|Types of Statistical Tests | CYFAR||Violent crime in the U. Violent crime in the United States has fallen over the last two decadeshowever, the number of reported violent crimes has risen slightly in the past few years.|
Today, some of that detective work is being made easier thanks to a new emphasis on data analysis . In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to Analyzing Research Results.
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Types of statistical tests: There is a wide range of statistical tests. The decision of which statistical test to use depends on the research design, the distribution of the data, and the type of variable. In general, if the data is normally distributed, you will choose from parametric tests.
. Violent crime in the United States has fallen over the last two decades, however, the number of reported violent crimes has risen slightly in the past few years. Among the various types of violent. Download CrimeStat IV, documentation, sample data sets and libraries.
CrimeStat IV (version ) is the most recent version of CrimeStat, a spatial statistics program for the analysis of crime incident locations. CrimeStat was developed by Ned Levine & Associates of Houston, Texas, under the. At level of confidence, are crime frequencies related to urban morphology or month of the year?
First set up a null hypothesis of equality of the means Let Ho be: “There is no significant difference between the crimes frequencies and urban morphology or month of the year.