The word "socialism" often implies two quite different phenomena: A doctrine and an appeal based on it, a program for changing life, and A social structure that exists in time and space.
Achievement within education is very varied across cultures, with some such as Chinese and Indian students performing above the average, and African-Caribbean and Pakistani students performing well below average.
Social class and material factors — Minority ethnic children are more likely to live in low-income households.
This means they face the problems that Douglas highlighted, the material factors, such as poor quality housing, no working space etc. Language — For many children of an ethnic minority English is not their mother-tongue.
This can be a disadvantage because they may not understand exams as well as others. Also they might struggle to express themselves with limited English. Finally, some teachers may mistake poor English for a lack of intelligence, when actually this could be completely untrue, meaning that a clever child may be let down by the teacher who might not push the student to their full potential.
Conversely, single mothers can be a positive role model or influence for many young girls, meaning they perform better in education. Racism — There are two key ways in which racism can affect attainment amongst children on ethnic minority: A culture of resistance — Racism can lead to low-self esteem among ethnic minorities.
This can lower the students attainments in many ways, one is that the teachers give the student lower grades. Racism can also lead to conflict between students and teachers, making learning much harder.
Ethnocentric school curriculum — Many aspects of the school curriculum are ethnocentric see glossary.
There are several reasons why ethnic minorities may struggle due to this curriculum. One is that the subjects often focus on British culture; naturally White British students will have grown up with this culture, so they might have a greater understanding of the content than students who grew up in a different culture.
Reasons for this could be: Some teachers might stereotype some ethnic minorities such as Chinese and Indian to be intelligent and hard-working.
This obviously leads to higher achievement for the child Advertisements.Apr 24, · 9) Ethnic groups differences in achievement in education Posted by Sam Cook ⋅ April 24, ⋅ 2 Comments Achievement within education is very varied across cultures, with some such as Chinese and Indian students performing above the average, and African-Caribbean and Pakistani students performing well below average.
Using material from Item B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences both in offending and in victimisation. (21 marks) This is the actual essay I did in a mock in January. Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere Assess Sociological Explanations For Ethnic Differences In Educational Achievement Essay.
Using material from item a and elsewhere assess sociological explanations for ethnic differences in educational achievement. Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in educational achievement Some sociologists argue that some ethnic groups maybe underachieving in the education system whereas some say that these ethnic groups differ in the education system/5(1).
Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the claim that gender differences in educational achievement are primarily the 'result of changes in society' Some sociologists claim that gender differences in achievement are the result of external factors such as changes in wider society, e.g.
Assess sociological explanations for social class differences in educational achievement (24 marks) It can be explained that some social class differences within pupils can have an effect on the educational achievement of a child.
We will write a custom essay sample on Asses sociological explanations for ethnic differences in educational achievement specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now. Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in educational achievement. (20) Tony Lawson and Joan Garrod () define ethnic groups as ‘people who share common history, customs and identity, as well as, in most cases, language and religion, and who see themselves as a distinct unit.’. Differential Educational Achievement AS Sociology / SOCIAL CLASS Over the years, there has been a gradual improvement in educational attainment for all social classes/5(1).
I will therefore evaluate these factors in my essay.